The Limitations of Localisation through Image Recognition in Robotics

  Introduction The basic meaning of localisation in robotics is the determination of the exact position of a robot. A more exact definition would be “the concurrent construction of a model of the environment (the map), and the estimation of the state of the robot moving within it” (Cadena, et al., 2016). As humans we …

A comparison between conventional radiotherapy and proton beam therapy

Conventional Radiotherapy Conventional radiation therapy utilizes high energy waves in order to kill cancer cells and prevent their division. The high energy waves used, are photons in the form of x-rays, that work through altering the DNA of our cells. This then leads to an inability of cell division. When we want to use radiotherapy, …

How nanoparticles could improve traditional chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is a form of treating cancer using cancer cell killing drugs. It is usually given through injection but there are many alternative possibilities like swallowing pills. The way chemotherapy works is through destroying rapidly growing and dividing cells. Cancer cells belong to those targeted due to their high growing and dividing characteristics. The main …