For many centuries women in the past have been seen as inferior to men. At work, at home and in everyday life women have been and still are discriminated financially, by being paid lower wages as well as by being excluded and violated.
From early childhood, both boys and girls are subjected to stereotypes. The baby aisle in stores is filled with blue clothes and blankets for boys and pink ones for girls. Those stereotypes continue on throughout our daily life. In the workplace, women are frequently imposed on subtle discrimination by both sexes. Qualified women may be passed over for promotion because they become pregnant. Jobs may be offered to less qualified male applicants just because of their gender. Additionally, according to ‘The Guardian’ almost a quarter (23%) of females aged between 16 and 30 have been sexually harassed at work but only 8% have reported it. This shows that despite a lot being done to reduce the inequality of genders, some women still have to live with the fear of being harassed.
Women are almost half of the workforce. They receive more college and graduate degrees than men. Yet, on average, women continue to earn considerably less than men. In 2017, according to the Institute for Women’s Policy Research, female full-time, year-round workers made 80.5 pence for every dollar earned by men.
However, sexist hiring practices don’t only hurt women. Gender stereotypes are still dividing the job market into ‘women’s work’ and ‘men’s work’. Those stereotypes are forced onto kids from a very young age. According to PISA 2015 results, 4.8% of boys and 0.4%of girls expect a ICT career, suggesting that there are many factors contributing towards more men choosing to study maths and science including encouragement from parents, interactions with mathematics and science teachers which all contribute to girls losing self-confidence in middle school because they believe that men possess more intelligence in technological fields.
Alongside the unfair view of women as workers, a lot of women are being discriminated at home. Traditionally, the role of the homemaker was associated with women. Playing the role of a chief, maid, nurse just to name a few. Often putting their needs on hold. The woman performs the role of wife, partner, organiser, administrator, director, re-creator, disburser, economist, mother, disciplinarian, teacher, health officer, artist and queen in the family at the same time.
Women are the key to sustainable development and quality of life. Therefore they should act as leaders of society and raise their voice against woman violence, their exploitation in households as well as in the workplace.